Oc Eo Archeologic Site

Oc Eo - Ba The archaeological site lies in Oc Eo town, Thoai Son district, An Giang province, in the southwest of Vietnam. Long Xuyen city, An Giang province, is 40 kilometers to the northeast, while Rach Gia city, Kien Giang province, is 40 kilometers to the southwest. Approximately 40 cultural relics of various sorts, including religious architecture, burial relics, residential sites, etc., have been discovered, examined, and excavated on this property from the early 1940s to the end of the twentieth century. Oc Eo used to be a busy trading port of the ancient kingdom of Funan.

 

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Scale and Division of Oc Eo archeological site

Oc Eo - Ba The archaeological site includes a total protected area of 433.2 ha, which is divided into two zones: Zone A on the slopes and foot of Ba, and Zone B at the base of Ba. The mountain is 143.9 hectares, with Zone B of the Oc Eo field being 289.3 hectares. The following are some examples of monuments that have been unearthed and preserved:

1. Zone A: Monuments in the area of Linh Son Pagoda, Nam Linh Son Tu site, Linh Son Bac site, Go Cay Me site (Go Sau Thuan), Go Ut Tranh site, Go Sau Thang site

2. Zone B: Go Cay Thi site, Go Oc Eo site, Go Giong Cat site

 

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Exceptional Universal Value justification of Oc Eo

From the beginning of AD until the 7th century, the physical manifestations of Oc Eo-Ba The archaeological site have demonstrated the existence of a culture affiliated with the kingdom of Funan, a rich and powerful country in Southeast Asia. Oc Eo-Ba The is an archaeological site. At the time, the Kra Strait in southern Thailand was the principal transshipment point between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This attribute has historical, cultural, and scientific characteristics that are representative of a long-gone civilization.

 

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Compare Oc Eo to other properties with similar characteristics in Vietnam and the world

It is feasible to compare Oc Eo - Ba The archaeological site with the following global heritages using the UNESCO criteria for identifying similar sites.

1. My Son Sanctuary in Quang Nam (Vietnam) is an example of cultural interference with an indigenous community that has adapted to external cultural influences, particularly Hindu art and architecture from the Indian subcontinent. The Kingdom of Champa was a significant event in Southeast Asia's political and cultural history, as the My Son monument clearly illustrates.

2. Hoi An Ancient Town (Vietnam): Hoi An is the only proof of the colonization of Vietnamese, Chinese, and Japanese people in the commerce process from the 15th to the 19th centuries, and it has distinctive cultural and artistic values. In spite of the natural environment, Hoi An is an extraordinarily well-preserved example of Asia's historic trading port.

3. Angkor (Cambodia): From the 9th through the 14th century, the Khmer Empire ruled over most of Southeast Asia. The effect of Khmer art as it evolved in Angkor was significant, and it played a defining role in the region's political and cultural development. Only a magnificent legacy of gigantic brick and stone constructions remains from ancient civilization.

4. Baekje Historical Site (Korea): From 18 BC to 660 AD, Baekje was an ancient kingdom in the south of the Korean peninsula. Archaeological and architectural sites from the 5th to 7th centuries represent the convergence of the ancient East Asian kingdoms of Korea, China, and Japan in the development of construction techniques in cities, temples, mausoleums, and fortresses. The spread of Buddhism contributed to the formation of special evidence for the Baekje kingdom's unique culture, religion, and art.

5. Hedeby and Danevirke Archaeological Border Complex (Germany): This archeological border complex on the Juland peninsula contains 22 archeological sites dating from the 6th to the 12th centuries, including houses, towns, cemeteries, and harbors. Due to its unusual location between the Frankish Empire in the south and the Danish Kingdom in the north, Hedeby became a commercial hub between continental Europe and Scandinavia, as well as between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. This archaeological site has become a key site for the interpretation of economic, social, and historical developments in Europe during the Viking age. It was the main trading center between Western and Northern Europe, especially for the exchange and trade between peoples of different cultural traditions in Europe from the 8th to the 11th century.

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