Cuc Phuong – the first Vietnam National Park

Cuc Phuong, the first national park of Vietnam, has a rich cultural and wildlife legacy as well as beautiful scenery. Cuc Phuong was established in 1962 with total area of 22,408 hectares, only 120 kilometers southwest of Hanoi and set among the provinces of Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa and Ninh Binh (deep in the heart of Tam Diep mountain range).

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Biodiversity of Cuc Phuong National Park

Cuc Phuong is characterized by tropical rainforests that are green all year round, has an extremely rich and diverse flora and fauna. According to recent survey data, Cuc Phuong has 2234 species of higher plants and mosses, among which there are 433 species of medicinal plants and 229 species of edible plants. Many species are listed in the Red Book of Vietnam.Regarding animals, Cuc Phuong has 122 species of reptiles and amphibians, 66 species of fish, nearly 2000 species of insects, and 135 species of mammals (including the black-and-white-breeded langur, which is a very beautiful and rare primate chosen as the symbol of Cuc Phuong National Park). With 336 resident bird species, especially many endemic to Vietnam and Indochina, Cuc Phuong has long been an ideal spot for birdwatchers.

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Cultural identity of Cuc Phuong National Park

Since ancient times, Cuc Phuong has been the residence and living place of the Muong community with unique and characteristic cultural features, which are stilt houses, terraced fields, mills for pounding upland rice, and weaving looms. More unique are the festivals, customs and lifestyles of the community that visitors can feel during their visit to the village.
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Karst landscapes and archaeological value of Cuc Phuong National Park

Belonging to the half-covered karst terrain, Cuc Phuong has many beautiful caves with sexy names such as: Son Cung cave, Pho Ma Giang cave, etc. In particular, there are some caves that still keep the vestiges of prehistoric people living from 7,500 years to 12,000 years ago. These are Dang Cave (ancient people's cave) and Moong Cave. In 2000, Cuc Phuong discovered a vertebrate fossil. According to the initial conclusion of the Vietnam Institute of Paleontology, this is a fossil of a blade-toothed reptile, which lived about 200 to 230 million years ago.
Cuc Phuong has long become a famous and attractive ecotourism destination, evokes the curiosity of many domestic and foreign tourists because of its many valuable natural landscapes, diversity of ecosystems, cultural and historical values, etc.

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