Duong Lam Ancient Village of Hanoi

The ancient village of Duong Lam in Hanoi is known for its one-of-a-kind houses made with wooden frames and built with laterites, and it still has many of the characteristics of old villages in the Red River Delta.


Location and title of the village

Duong Lam village is located in Son Tay town in Son Tay district, barely 44 kilometers from Hanoi's center, and boasts a large banyan tree, a fresh water well, and a communal house, as well as 956 old buildings dating from 100 to 400 years.

Duong Lam village has long been a famous tourist site in the capital, with rich cultural value and an environment and architecture typical of a rural area in the Red River Delta.

Duong Lam was the first village to be designated as a national historical and cultural relic in 2006.


Legendary people inhabit a legendary landscape.

Due to its convenient canal access, Duong Lam became a popular living place for ancient Vietnamese from the Phung Nguyen and Dong Son cultures.

It was the birthplace of two monarchs, Phung Hung (761–802) and Ngo Quyen (808–944), as well as Envoy Giang Van Minh, an outstanding diplomat in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.

During a 1971 dig, archaeologists discovered stone remains from the Hung Kings' reign in the area.

Meanwhile, a survey co-organized by the Vietnam National University—Hanoi's Institute of Vietnamese Studies and Development Science and Japan's Showa Women's University first determined that Duong Lam was inhabited by people from the Phung Nguyen culture, which dates back roughly 4,000 years. The Phung Hung Temple, Ngo Quyen Tomb, Giang Van Minh Temple, Mong Phu communal house, and Mia pagoda are all ranked relic sites in Duong Lam commune.

The Duong Lam commune is made up of 5 villages (Mong Phu, Dong Sang, Doai Giap, Cam Thinh, and Cam Lam), the largest of which is Mong Phu. Residents of Duong Lam, like those in any rural location in north Vietnam, place a high value on their village's gate and communal house, which have long been seen as emblems of affluence.

Mong Phu village's gate was constructed with four pillars made of four different types of superb ironwood and erected atop four green stones from Dong Trieu village in Quang Ninh province. The gate's two doors were made of Erythrophleum fordii wood, while the wall was constructed of laterites, a unique substance found in the Red River Delta region. The Mong Phu communal house, which was built in the style of Vietnamese-Muong architecture and includes large gleaming black ironwood pillars, is located in the centre of the village.


Ancient village built by laterites

Laterites may be found practically everywhere in Duong Lam, and they have become an important element of the community. Laterites, which are used to build walls, gates, and wells, are plentiful in Mong Phu hamlet and can be found under fields, garden ponds, or deep underground. Laterite, which is both soil and a rock rich in iron and aluminum, is soft underneath but becomes firmer when it is dug up to construct homes. Along the village road, walls and fences formed of rough, dark honey-brown brick-shaped laterites offer a particular appeal.


Homestay experience at Duong Lam

The marriage of agriculture and tourism isn't new, but it's a huge step forward for Duong Lam Village in terms of creating a sustainable sector and helping residents diversify their income away from their crops, all while offering tourists a unique experience.

Because there were few overnight lodgings in the village in the past, travelers frequently chose short day trips. Many local families, on the other hand, have recently opened their doors to strangers for a home-stay experience.

An overnight stay is exactly what visitors require in order to truly appreciate everything the community has to offer. They can spend the day helping farmers or listening to the village's craftspeople perform traditional musical performances.

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