Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve (Sac Forest)

Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve, or Sac Forest in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), also regarded as the "green lung," is a wetland biosphere about 40 kilometers southeast of the city. More than 150 species of flora and fauna can be found in the forest, and tourists can explore the swamps to see monkeys, crustaceans, and fish.


Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve's overview

Can Gio Mangrove Forest is a project aimed at environmental conservation and the preservation of natural habitats of many kinds of flora and fauna. It is located in the coastal region of Ho Chi Minh City's southeastern section. The swamp soil has given birth to mangrove forests, which have the largest number of mangrove plants, mangrove-dwelling fishes, and other organisms in the region, thanks to the confluence of the Dong Nai River and Saigon River. Can Gio covers 75,740 hectares and is home to more than 150 plant species and over 200 animal species.


Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve's ecological characteristics

The Can Gio mangrove forest arose from a relatively recent brackish marsh with soil foundations laid down by the Saigon River and Dong Nai River. The development of the mangrove forest is reliant on high rainfall and a dense network of rivers that run through the area, providing a rich and sufficient supply of alluvium in the estuarine zones. Clay alluvial depositions, vitriolic processes, and a brackish water table all contributed to the formation of the soil in Can Gio.

Mangroves, wetlands, salt marshes, mud flats, and sea grasses are among the varied habitats found in Can Gio. The ecosystem serves as Ho Chi Minh City's "green lungs," collecting carbon dioxide and other pollutants on a regular basis.

The mangroves are home to a large number of floral and faunal species. Mangrove species like Rhizophora apiculate, Thespesia populnea, and Acanthus ebracteatus are among them. The biosphere reserve is home to a variety of faunal species, including the king cobra (Ophiophagus Hannah), saltwater crocodile (Crocodilus porosus), spot-billed pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), and fishing cat (Pelecanus philippensis) (Felis viverrina).


Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve's socio-economic system

With the exception of forest guardians and their families, forestry employees, and a few fishermen who operate as traditional shrimp-trappers in some canals within the mangrove forest, there are no communities residing in the core area and buffer zone. The biosphere reserve's transition zone is home to a permanent population of over 70,000 people. Non-indigenous locals, the bulk of whom are Vietnamese, are among these. The Chinese and Khmer communities living in concentrated communes and towns in the transition zone are among the minorities in the reserve.

Agriculture, aquaculture, fishing, salt-pan, trading, and tourism are the main economic activities. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, revolutionaries used the region extensively in their conflicts against France and the United States of America.

Address: Rung Sac Road, Long Hoa Commune, Can Gio District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

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