Prison of Hoa Lo (Hanoi Hilton)

In 1896, the French constructed Hoa Lo Prison on the site of Phu Khanh Hamlet, Vinh Xuong, Tho Xuong District in Ha Noi, which was a well-known pottery village (now is No1 Hoa Lo St, Hoan Kiem Dist). One of the largest prisons the French constructed in Indochina was Hoa Lo. The French colonialists severely suppressed the Vietnamese people's armed movements beginning towards the end of the 19th century. To support their ruling government in Vietnam, they established court systems, hired additional police officers, and constructed a large number of prisons. Hoa Lo was the most notorious among of them. Now, Hoa Lo Prison (aka Hanoi Hilton or Maison Centrale) is one of the few remaining historical relics that testify clearly and sharply to Vietnam's complex journey through the 20th century.

 

Hoa-Lo-prison-Hanoi-Hilton-1

 

Hoa Lo Prison (easy known as Maison Centrale by the French) was constructed from a well-known pottery town to house thousands of Vietnamese revolutionary and patriot warriors. These detainees endured both physical and psychological torture. The living conditions were horrible; there was bad food, bad hygienic conditions, plenty of diseases, and inadequate personal cleanliness. However, by converting the prison into a revolutionary school where they disseminated the revolutionary causes, the imprisoned revolutionists continued to trust in the Communist Party. Many people made it out of here safely, returning to take the lead in the overall rebellion.

 

Hoa-Lo-prison-Hanoi-Hilton-2

 

Many Vietnamese revolutionaries, including Phan Boi Chau, Luong Van Can, Nguyen Quyen, Ho Tung Mau, and Nguyen Luong Bang, as well as five general secretaries of the Communist Party of Vietnam (Nguyen Van Cu, Truong Chinh, Le Duan, Nguyen Van Linh, and Do Muoi), were imprisoned in Hoa Lo.

The Hoa Lo Prison was used by the Vietnamese government to temporarily house ordinary inmates in October 1954, following the liberation of the north of the country.

 

Hoa-Lo-prison-Hanoi-Hilton-3

 

A portion of the facility was used to imprison American pilots who were shot down during bombing flights against North Vietnam from 5 August 1964 until 3 March 1973. During this time, Hoa Lo was jokingly referred to as the "Ha Noi Hilton" by the detained inmates. John McCain, a US Senator, and Douglas Peter Peterson, who later served as the country's first ambassador to Vietnam, are both considered "alumni" of Hoa Lo.

 

/Hoa-Lo-prison-Hanoi-Hilton-4

 

In 1993, the Vietnamese government kept a portion of Hoa Lo to turn into a historical relic in order to meet the economic development of Ha Noi. This area, which lies in the prison's southeast corner, was repaired, renovated, and conserved.

A memorial monument honoring the Vietnamese patriots and revolutionaries is located here. This is also a "Red Address" to teach Vietnamese people from all socioeconomic levels, especially the younger generations, about the revolutionary and patriotic traditions of those who gave their lives to ensure the independence and freedom of the country.

See more

  • Giac Lam Historical Pagoda

    Giac Lam, the oldest Buddhist pagoda in Ho Chi Minh City ( Saigon ) , was recognized as an important historical site in 1988  by the Vietnamese Department of...

  • Ba Hang Fishing Village of Halong Bay

    Ba Hang ( Three Caves ) fishing village in Halong Bay is the peaceful beauty, clear blue water surface, green calm. The color of the mountains mixed with the...

  • Thong Nhat Park (formerly Lenin Park)

    Thong Nhat Park ( previously Lenin Park ) is Hanoi's green lung, located near Hanoi Circus and roughly a 15-minute bike ride from the Old Quarter.

  • Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (Lang Bac)

    The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is the last resting home of President Ho Chi Minh, the most national and iconic hero of Vietnam. The President Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is located in...

  • O Quy Ho Pass (Tram Ton Pass)

    O Quy Ho has official name Tram Ton, is one of the 4 most challenging passes in northwest region of Vietnam . The other three are Ma Pi Leng in Ha Giang province, Khau Pha...

  • Tra Su Indigo Woods

    With its flooded mangrove forest habitat and numerous flora and fauna, Tra Su Indigo Forest epitomizes the beauty of An Giang's flooding season. The natural and serene...

  • Quan Thanh Sacred Temple

    During the time of King Ly Thai To, Quan Thanh Temple, originally known as Tran Vu Temple, was constructed ( 1010–1028 ) . One of the four sacred Taoist...

  • Ta Van Hamlet

    Ta Van Village, located at the base of a mountain, is about 7 kilometers from Sapa town. Beautiful rice paddies and a natural ecosystem surround the settlement, which is...

  • Sun World Fansipan Legend Complex

    Sun World Fansipan Legend Sapa tourism - cultural and spiritual complex has brought Fansipan summit nearer to travellers with a cable car system that has set two world...

  • War Memorial of Vietnam

    Vietnam War Memorial commemorates men and women who sacrificed themselves during the Second Indochina War.

Booking with confidence

1
Best Value
Customer's satisfaction is the biggest goal and inspiration in our career. We always try our best to deliver as much pleasure as possible to every tourist...
2
Best Price Guarantee
At Viet Leading Travel™, We are confident to ensure the best and cannot-be-better price for you. Please take a look at our Best Price Guarantee policy
3
Best Local Support
We are local people, We are always here to support you 24/7 - ready to listen and arrange everything as your desire. Surely, you will feel satisfactory!
4
Certificate of Excellence 2015
We are proud to be 2015 winner and awarded the Certificate of Excellence 2015 by Tripadvisor

Join to get special offers & great promotions

Enter your email to quickly get Great Promotion Code, Special offers, Hot deals, and Huge discounts. Don't miss out!
“Great service from start to finish”
" With initial contact to help touring remote aspects in Northern Vietnam, Viet Leading Travel is the most professional, skilled and personable. The driver has been very experienced together..."
Susan , Australia
“Viet Leading Travel is the very best!”
" Viet Leading Travel is the most effective travel company we now have ever used within a lifetime of holiday. From the start we knew people were in skilled hands. The staff caused us regularly to..."
BobAbroad , Austria
“Fun In Vietnam, WOW!”
" The guides were the highlight in the trip, and this is saying something! This trip has been so well thought and perfectly adjusted to accommodate our holiday together with group. It was some sort..."
David , Armenia